Παρασκευή, 24 Ιουνίου 2011

Κατάλογος ἑλληνικῶν λέξεων στὴν ἀγγλική

a. abyss, academy, acme=δόξα-ακμή, acrobat, acropolis, aegis, aerial, aerodrome, aeronautics, aeroplane, aesthetic, air, all, allegory, allergy, alphabet, amalgam, ambrosia, amethyst, amnesia, amphibian, amphitheatre, amphora=αμφορεύς, anachronism, anaemia, anagram, analogy, analysis, anarchism, anathema, anatomy, angel, anomalous, antagonism, anorexia, anthology, anticyclone, aorta=αορτή, apathetic, aphorism, apocalypse, apologise, apoplexy, apostasy, apostle, apostrophe, apothecary, archaeology, archbishop, archdeacon=αρχιδιάκων, archipelago, architect, arctic, aristocratic, arithmetic, aroma, arsenic, asbestos, ascetic, asphyxia, asthma, astrology, astronaut, astronomy, asylum, atheism, athlete, atmosphere, atom, atrophy, aura=αύρα-φωτοστέφανο, austere=αυστηρός, authentic, autobiography, autocrat=αυτοκράτωρ-μονάρχης, automatic, autograph, autonomous, autopsy, axiom. (80)

b. bacterium, baptism, barbarian, baritone, barometre, basic, basil, bathos, basis, Bible, bibliography, bigamy, biochemistry, biography, biology, biplane, blasphemy, botany. (18)

c. call, callus, calyx, canon, captain, card, cartography, castor, cataclysm, catacombs, catalogue, catalyst, catapult, cataract, catarrh=καταρροή, catastrophe, catehism, categoric, cathedral, cathode, catholic, caustic, cell, cemetery, cenotaph, centre, ceramic, chameleon, chaos, character, chart, chasm, chimera, chiropractor, choir=xoρός-χορωδία, chiropodist="πεντικιουρίστ", chord=χορδή, choreography, chorus, Christ, chromatic, chromosome, chronic, chronicle, chronological, chronometre, chryssalis, chryssanthemum, cinema, cirrhosis, claustrophobia, cleric, climacteric, climate, climax, clinic, code, colosal=κολοσιαίος, coma, comedy, comic, comma, cosmos, cosmetic, cosmonaut, cost, crisis, criterion, criticism, crypt, crystal, cybernetics, cycle, cyclone, cyclopaedia, cyclotron, cylinder, cymbal, cynic, cyst. (80)

d. deacon=διάκος, decade, decalogue, delta, demagogic, democracy, demography, demon, demotic, dermatology, diabetes, diabolic, diadem=διάδημα, diaeresis, diagnosis, diagonal, diagram, dialect, dialogue, diameter, diamont, diaphanous, diaphragm, diatribe, dichotomy, dictator, didactic, diet, dilemma, dinosaur, dioxide, diorama, diphtheria, diphthong, diploma, diplomat, disaster=δυσαστρία-δεν "έχω άστρο", disc, dolphin, dose, double, draconian, dragon, drama, drastic, dynamic, dynamite, dynasty, dyspepsia.(49)

e. eccentric, ecclesiastic, echo, eclectic, eclipse, ecology, economic, ecstasy, ecumenical, eczema, egoism, elastic, electric, elegiac, elephant, eliptic, emblem, embryo, emetic, emphasis, emporium, encyclopedia, endemic, energy, enigma, enthrone, enthusiasm, entomology, enzyme, ephemeral, epidemic, epigram, epilepsy, epilogue, epiphany, episode, epistle, epitaph, epithet, epitome, epoch, erotic, esophagus, esoteric, ether, ethic, ethnic, ethos, etymology, eucalyptus, Eucharist, eugenics, eulogize, eunuch, euphemism, euphony, euphoria, Eurasia, eureka=εύρηκα, evangelic, exodus, exorcize=εξορκίζω, exotic.(63)

f. fable=φαύλος-μύθος, fanatic, fantasy, father, frenetic=φρενήρης.(5)

g. galaxy, gastronomy, general, genesis, genus, geography, geocentric, geophysics, geopolitics, geology, geometry, gerontology, gigantic, glycerine, gyro, goverment, grammatical, gramophone, graphic, gymnasium, gregorian, gynecaology. (23)

h. hagiology, halcyon=αλκυονίδες ημέρες, harmony, hecatomb, hectare, hedonism, hegemony, helicopter, heliotrope, helium, helot=είλωτας, hemisphere, hemorhage=αιμοραγία, hemoroids, hepatitis, heretic, hermaphrodite, hermetic, hermit=ερημίτης, hero, heroin, hesperus, heterodox, heterogeneous, heterosexual, hexagon, hexameter, hierarchy, hieroglyph, hilarious=ιλαρός-εύθυμος, hippopotamus, hippodrome, history, holocaust, holograph, homeopathy, homogeneous, homonym, homophone, horizon, hymen, hyperbole, hypnosis, hypocrisy, hypotenuse=υποτείνουσα, hysteria, homosexual, horde=ορδή-στίφος, horizon, hormone, hour, hydrostatics, hydrophobia, hyena, hygiene, hymn, hypertrophic, hypochondria, hypodermic, hypothesis.(60)

i. iamb, icon, iconoclaust, idea, ideorgam, ideology, idiot, idiolect, idiom, idiosyncrasy, idylle, Ireland=xώρα της Ίριδος, ironic, isobar, isosceles, isotope, isthmus. (17)

k. kaleidoscope, kilo, kilocycle, kilogram, kilometre, kilolitre, kinetic, kleptomania. (8)

l. labyrinth, laconic, laic, larynx, lava, lesbian, lethargy, leukemia, lexical, lithography, logarithm, logic, logistics, lynx=λύγξ-αγριόγατα, lyre, lyric. (16)

m. macrobiotic, macrocosm, magic, magnet, mania, mathematics, mechanic, medal, megacycle, megalith, megalomania, megaphone, megaton, meiosis, melancholia, melodic, melodrama, meningitis, menopause, metabolism, metallic, metallurgy, metamorphosis, metaphor, metaphysics, meteor, meteorite, meteorology, meter, metre, metric, metronome, metropolis, miasma, microbe, microbiology, microelectronics, micrometer, micron, microorganism, microphone, microscope, mimeograph, mimetic, monarch, monastery, monogamy, monogram, monolith, monologue, monomania, monoplane, monopoly, monosyllable, monotheism, monotone, morphology, museum, music, myopia, myriad, mysterious, mystic, myth.(64)

n. narcissism, narcotic, nautical, nautilus, narcomancy, necropolis, nectar, nemesis, neolithic, neologism, neon, nerve, neoplasm, nephritis, neuralgia, neutrasthenia, new, nostalgia, nymph.(19)

o. oasis, ocean, octagon, octane, octave, octogenarian=ογδοηκοντούτης, octopous, ode=ωδή, odyssey, oecumenical, Oedipous complex, orgy, oligarchy, Olympiad, Olympic, onomatopoeia, ontology, ophthalmia, optic (optimist, option), orchestra, orchid, organ, organic, organism, organize, orgasm, orphan, orthodox, orthographic, orthopaedic, osteopath, ouzo, oxide, oxygen.(34)

p. pachyderm, pagan=παγανιστής-ειδωλολάτρης, paleolithic, paleontology, palm, panacea, panchromatic, pancreas, pandemic, pandemonium, panegeric=πανηγυρική ομιλία, panic, panoply, panorama, pantechnicon, pantheism, pantheon, panther, parabola=παραβολή, paradigm, paradox, paragon=παράγων-υπόδειγμα, paragraph, parallel, paralysis, paranoia, paraphrase, paraplegia, parasite, paratyphoid, parenthesis, pariah=παρίας, parody, paroxysm, pater, pathetic, pathology, pathos, patriach, patriot, patronymic, pedagogue, pederasty, pediatrics, pedometer=βηματομετρητής, pentagon, pentameter, Pentateuch, pentathlon, Pentecost, pepsis, perihelion=περιήλιον, perimeter, period, peripatetic, periphrasis, periphery, periscope, peristyle, peritonitis, petal=πέταλο άνθους, phalanx, phallus=φαλλός, phantasm, pharmacology, pharmacy, pharynx, phase, phenomenon, philanthropy, philately, philarmonic, philology, philosophy, philtre, phlebitis, phlegm, phobia, phoenix, phone, phonome=φώνημα, phonetic, phonograph, phonology, phosphorous, photo, photoelectric, photogenic, photograph, photolithography, photometer, phrase, phrenetic, phrenology, phthisis, physics, physiognomy, physiology, physiotherapy, planet, plasm, plasma, plastic, plectrum=πλήκτρο, pleonasm, plethora, plutocracy, plutonium, pneumatic, pneumonia, pole=πόλος, polemic, policy, police, politics, polyandry, polygamy, polyglot, polygon, polymorphus, polyphony, polypous, polysylable, polytechnic, polytheism, porn, practice, pragmatism, presbyter, prism, problem, prognosis, programme, prologue, prophecy, prophylactic, proscenium=προσκήνιο, proselyte, prosody, protagonist, protocol, proton, protoplasm, protozoa, prototype, psalm, pseudonym, psyche, psychedelic, psychic, psychoanalysis, psychology, psychopath, psychosis, psychotherapy, pterodactyl, pylon=πυλώνας, pyramid, pyre=πυρά, pyrites, pyrotechnics=πυροτέχνημα, python.(162)

r. radio

s. sandal, sarcasm, sarcophagus, sardonic, satyr, scene, sceptic, schematic, schism, schizophrenia, scholar, scholastic, school, scoria, scorpion, Scotland=χώρα του σκότους, Scylla, seismic, semantic, semaphore=σηματοφόρος, septisemia=σηψαιμία, serial, sir, solecism=σολοικισμός, sophism, spasm, sphinx, stadium, stalactite, stalagmite, star, static, statistics, stereophonic, stereoscopic, sternum, stigma, stoic, stomach, strategy, stratagem, stratosphere, strptococcus, streptomycin, strophe, sycophant, syllogism, symbol, symmetry, sympathetic, symphony, symposium, symptom, synagogue, synchronize, syncope, syndrome, synod, synonym, synopsis, syntax, synthesis, syphilis, syphon, syringe, system.(67)

t. tactic, talent, tantalize=υποβάλω κάποιον στα μαρτύρια του Ταντάλου, tartar, tautology, taxidermy, technique, technocracy, technology, telegram, telegraph, telemetry, teleology, telepathy, telephone, telephoto, telescope, thetatre, theism, theme, theocracy, theology, theorem, theoretic, theory, theosophy, therapeutic, therapy, therm, thermal, thermionic, thermometer, thermos, thesaurus, thesis, tone, topography, tragedy, tragicomedy, tremor, trigonometry, trilogy, tripod, trirem, triple, trophy, tropic, typhoon, typical, typography,tyrrany.(51)
u. unonymous

x. xenophobe, xylophone

z. zephyr, zeugma, zodiac, zone, zoology.(5)

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